Wall Clock7 min read
Five Major Compounds that Make Cannabis

Takeaway: The medicinal cannabis contains 483 different types of compounds in it. Although the majority of them are yet to be researched upon, 5 of these compounds have been researched upon. THC, CBD, THCV, CBN and CBG are well known to us and their properties have been defined. From Alziehmer’s, ADD, growth of bones, glaucoma to insomnia each of these compounds is speculated to help in managing these diseases better. Although a doctor’s discretion is helpful, generic symptoms of many diseases could be managed better with the help of cannabis and its compounds.

Science is helping humans in unimaginable ways. Every day, people are finding out about more and more innovations that they didn’t think were possible. The healthcare industry is not far behind in this. Since serving humanity is the foremost purpose of doctors, they are working day and night to think of new ways to treat different kinds of diseases and problems people face in their daily life.

One of those new ways of treating different kinds of problems is cannabis. The plant holds amazing medical properties, and surely you must have heard it by now. But one thing that might confuse you is that cannabis is often associated with people getting high. So how can doctors recommend it? It all comes down to cannabis compounds.

There are different kinds of chemical compounds in the plant- 483 different kinds, to be precise. Offering you information on all of those compounds would be very exhausting- for both you and I. Besides, only properties of very few of those compounds and their effect on the brain are yet known. We are going to discuss five major cannabis compounds since most of the research done is about these five:  

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)


Remember when I said that you might be confused that if cannabis is known for getting people high, how can doctors use it for medicinal purposes? It is THC that makes people high. Since it is the most psychoactive potent compound of the plant, it is often the main reason why people turn to cannabis.

When people heat the plants by smoking, cooking or extracting, THC is formed. There are receptors in the body, CB1, and CB2, that directly interact with these compounds, which are present in the central nervous system and immune system.

When people consume THC, it causes them to relax, reduce the pain they feel, and increase their appetite. The more concentrated the source of THC is, the more severe these effects will be. Studies have shown that THC contains impressive medical benefits that can help people suffering from different kinds of diseases.

Following are some of the diseases that THC can be helpful:

  • ALS
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Anxiety
  • Arthritis
  • Side effects of chemotherapy
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Chronic pain
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Sleep apnea
  • Tourette syndrome

Cannabidiol (CBD)


Although all of the compounds in the cannabis plant have properties that help in the medical field, none of them do like CBD. Doctors even call it the antagonist of THC considering it cancels out the effects which are produced by THC.

Though at first people used it to treat seizures in children who have epilepsy, now, researchers are finding different kinds of treatments for various conditions. Over 30 states in the United States have made CBD oil legal.

The fascinating thing about CBD is the way people can use it. People can use it in edible form, where they add it to their daily routine such as adding it in salads. They can vape it by using CBD specific vape. They can use it by applying the CBD oil to the place where it hurts, and for senior citizens, it comes in the form of capsules.

When it comes, to CBD benefits, they are numerous. From managing stress to even giving it to your pets, all is possible. Following are some of the diseases whose symptoms CBD can manage:

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)


The most different kind of compound found in the cannabis plant is THCV. It is also the most misunderstood compound of the plant. Since it has a name which is similar to THC, people sometimes can’t tell the difference between the two.

And while yes, both THC and THCV have similar molecular structure and psychoactive properties, how they affect the human body is entirely different. For one, THCV has a higher boiling point than THC. To fully activate THCV, people must boil it at 428 degrees Fahrenheit or 220 degrees Celsius.

Read the benefits of THCV below, and you will understand that it is nothing like THC:

  • It suppresses appetite
  • It may help with diabetes
  • It may reduce panic attacks
  • It may help with Alzheimer’s
  • It stimulates the growth of the bone

Cannabinol (CBN)


Remember when we were talking about certain compounds about which researchers are not entirely aware, CBN is the one. People often confuse this compound with CBD, considering both have very similar spellings. And it is true- to some extent.

For example, a lot of people use CBD to treat their insomnia. CBN also contains the same characteristics that can help people sleep better. CBN is a by-product of THC and is created by exposing THC to light and oxygen. After THC turns to CBN, it can have a few psychoactive effects, and it can even increase the effects of THC.

Not a lot of people use CBN considering it makes people dizzy and weak. To make sure you don’t get an intense body high, you need to keep your cannabis in a completely airtight container. And then make sure to keep that container in the dark spot.

Though there are a few diseases whose symptoms are manageable with the help of CBN, like inflammation and glaucoma, not enough work has been done for this to be deemed authentic.

Cannabigerol (CBG)


The final compound that we have on the list is CBG. While most people are aware of CBD and THC, very few of them know what CBG is. Though it is not present in a large quantity, people should still be mindful of it. It is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid, which means that it doesn’t get people high.

In most of the cannabis strains, CBG is present in a very minute quantity- Less than 1%, to be precise. Because of this, it is considered a minor cannabinoid. But the surprising thing about CBG is that when THC and CBD are growing, they start as CBG first. It would not be wrong to say that CBG is the parent chemical of THC and CBD.

It has the following medical benefits:

  • It can treat glaucoma
  • It can decrease inflammation
  • It protects the neurons
  • In the future, doctors can use it to fight bladder dysfunction disorders


Nature is a fascinating thing and the plant cannabis the perfect example of it. Though it is one plant, it contains an impressive list of cannabinoids, all of whom have different amazing properties which can treat different kinds of problems.

Always remember that these chemical compounds do not directly cure the disease for which people might use them, but rather control the symptoms which are caused by the disease. Consult with your doctor before taking any decision and if you are just starting, start with a lower dosage.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here